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Graphene wrinkling

From:
C. G. Wang, Y. P. Liu, L. Lan and H. F. Tan. (Center for Composite Materials, Harbin Institute of Technology, P.O.Box 3010, No. 2 Yikuang Str., Harbin, 150080, P.R. China),

"Graphene wrinkling: formation, evolution and collapse", Nanoscale. 2013, 5(10): 4454-4461.

Summary:
We focus on the graphene wrinkling, from its formation to collapse, and its
dependence on aspect ratio and temperature using molecule dynamics simulation. Based on our results,
the first wrinkle is not formed on the edge but in the interior of graphene. The fluctuations of edge slack warps drive the wrinkling evolution in graphene which is distinguished from the bifurcation in continuum film. There are several obvious stages in wrinkling progress, including incubation, infancy,
youth, maturity and gerontism periods which are identified by the atomic displacement difference due to the occurrences of new wrinkles. The wrinkling progress is over when the C–C bonds in highly stretched corners are broken which contributes to the wrinkling collapse. The critical wrinkling strain, the wrinkling pattern and extent depend on the aspect ratio of graphene, the wrinkling level and collapsed strains do not. Only the collapsed strain is sensitive to the temperature, the other wrinkling parameters are independent of the temperature. The results would benefit the understanding of the physics of graphene wrinkling and the design of nanomechanical devices by tuning the wrinkles.

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