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Referene, Initial and Current configurations of a shell reference surface


M. Rezaiee-Pajand, D. Pourhekmat and E. Arabi, “Thermo-mechanical stability analysis of functionally graded shells”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 178, pp 1-11, 1 January 2019,

ABSTRACT: In this paper, the thermo-elastic nonlinear analysis of various Functionally Graded (FG) shells under different loading conditions is studied. A second-order isoparametric triangular shell element is presented for this purpose. The element is six-noded, and each node has all six independent degrees of freedom in space. It should be added, the first-order shear deformation theory is induced. Furthermore, Voigt’s model is adopted to define the FG material properties, which are considered to change gradually from one surface to another. The critical temperature is predicted. Both the pre-buckling and post-buckling equilibrium paths are traced. Since the linear eigenvalue analysis leads to wrong responses in the problems with strong nonlinearity, the suggested procedure is performed based on the FEM and more exact estimations are achieved using equilibrium path.

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