David Bushnell (Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory, 3251 Hanover St., Palo Alto, CA 94304, U.S.A.),
“Elastic-plastic bending and buckling of pipes and elbows”, Computers & Structures, Vol. 13, Nos. 1-3, June 1981, pp. 241-248, doi:10.1016/0045-7949(81)90131-0
ABSTRACT: A summary of previous work is first presented. Then an axisymmetric model is presented in which the bending of an infinite straight or curved pipe with external or internal pressure is simulated by thermal loading. The model includes geometric and material nonlinearity in the prebuckling analysis and bifurcation buckling from the nonlinear prebuckled state. Comparisons with tests on straight pipes and elbows are given. The calculations are performed with use of a slightly modified version of the BOSOR5 computer program. Qualitative agreement with test results is demonstrated.
The Sherman citation:
D.R. Sherman, “Tests of circular steel tubes in bending”, ASCE Jjournal of the Structural Division, Vol. 102, No. ST11, pp 2181-2195, 1976
D. Bushnell, “BOSOR5 - program for buckling of elastic-plastic complex shells of revoltuion including large deflections and creep”, Computers & Structures, Vol. 6, pp 221-239, 1976
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